Condensation occurs when there is a drastic temperature difference between one side of a surface and the other. For car headlights, condensation occurs when the heat generated from the headlights warms up the lens and the outside of the lens cools down faster than the inside.
This prolonged temperature difference causes water droplets to form. Headlights are built with a small vent hole that allows heat to escape the inside of the headlight so that condensation can be avoided.
Preventing headlight condensation is a matter of maintaining a similar temperature inside and outside of the headlight lens, but several different factors can prevent proper ventilation and promote condensation buildup.
What Can Happen When Headlights Have Condensation or Water Accumulation Issues?
There are two main results of headlight condensation or water accumulation. The first is impaired headlight function. The water droplets that form within the headlight housing greatly diminish the headlights’ ability to shine in the right direction. Additionally, the droplets diminish the overall brightness of the headlights. This can be dangerous, especially in night driving when high beams are the most necessary.
The second result of headlight condensation or water accumulation is the destruction of the headlight housing itself. Water can erode just about anything over time.
This is especially true of the gaskets and more sensitive materials within the headlights. Persistent and prolonged condensation usually takes some time to erode materials enough to cause major damage, but it can also be a good sign that part of the headlight housing has already failed. If part of the housing or another component has eroded, it will require a complete replacement of the headlight.
Common Causes for Condensation in Your Headlights?
Several common issues cause headlight condensation. Fortunately, most of these issues are preventable or easily caught before extensive damage occurs.
Blocked Headlight Vents
Headlights are designed with small vent holes to prevent condensation from forming because they are completely sealed otherwise. These holes are very small and easily clogged by dirt, debris, insects, and other materials that happen to kick up while driving.
Even parking a car in an area that is dusty or commonly driven by other vehicles can clog one or all of these vents. Not only can clogged vents cause condensation buildup, but they can also prevent pooled water from draining.
Water pooling within headlights is usually a sign of more than just clogged vents, but it may be just one of the issues that led to water pooling in the first place.
Cracked or Failed Headlight Seals or Gaskets
Cracked or failed headlight seals or gaskets are the easiest way that humid air can get into a headlight and cause condensation.
Cracked or failed gaskets are also the most common reason water can pool in the headlights. This is because a crack or gasket failure results in a larger opening than the vents into which water can penetrate.
If water has entered the headlight as a result of a gasket or seal failure, taking early steps to rectify the issue is the key to not having to replace the entire headlight assembly.
Specific Parking Spots
Something as small as parking in a shady area can affect the headlights. Because it is cooler in the shade, the outside of the headlights has a better opportunity to cool down faster than normal. This is not a common cause of headlight condensation, but it does increase the possibility of happening because of the exterior conditions.
Extreme weather can harm quite a few things, including the headlights. This is another less common cause of headlight condensation, but any extreme fluctuation in temperature can act the same as parking your vehicle in a shady area.
This would happen most often as a front comes through that causes the temperature to fall quickly after you have been driving with the headlights on for an extended period of time.
Vehicle Make and Model
Most modern vehicles have headlight vents, but not all vent systems are created equally, and thus, some are not as effective as others. This could be because of several factors including the shape of the headlight and how it is made.
Some vehicles like Fords and BMWs tend to be more prone to headlight condensation than others, but this does not mean that these vehicles will definitely have these issues. It also does not mean that other makes and models are immune to headlight condensation issues.
How Do You Fix Headlight Condensation Issues?
Most headlight condensation problems are easily preventable and fixable. Headlight fixes also tend to be relatively inexpensive compared to many other vehicle issues, but certain places do not allow any headlight condensation to be present for a passing grade.
Turn on the Headlights
Turning on your vehicle’s headlights is not a long-term solution to any real headlight condensation issues, but the heat generated by the headlights can often evaporate any moisture that is present. This might seem overly simplistic, but doing this can potentially also indicate how severe the problem is.
If the cause of headlight condensation is a matter of parking in the perfect spot at the perfect time, turning on your headlights will likely fix the problem without recurring issues. If the problem is more substantial, turning on your headlights will only fix the problem temporarily or not at all.
Clean the Vents
The second easiest fix is to make sure the headlight vents are not blocked or clogged. This could signal that cleaning your entire vehicle is an order, but given that the front of your vehicle is the first part of the car to drive through anything in the air or through anything that gets kicked up from the road, it might be as simple as cleaning off the headlights. Compressed air is a great tool to use to clear the small vents of any debris.
Replace the Gaskets and Seals
A more extensive fix for more extensive water damage is to replace the gaskets and seals. A headlight is designed to be watertight except for the vents.
Standing water within a headlight is more of a sign that the gaskets are old or that the seal has been broken. Minor accidents or shipping damage can also cause damaged seals. Similar to vents, the certain vehicle makes and models are more prone to gasket failure than others.
Replace the Headlights
Total headlight replacement because of water damage only occurs in the rarest and most extreme of instances since gasket and seal replacement precedes this step.
If there is enough damage, headlight replacement will be necessary. This would be necessary when water has accumulated in the headlights and has been allowed to stagnate for an extended time. At this point, it would not only corrode the seals, but it would most likely damage the headlight itself and potentially the other electronics associated with it.
Learn More: The Different Types of Headlights
Headlight condensation occurs as a result of the outside of the headlight cooling down more quickly than the inside of the lens.
Vents are built into most modern headlights to allow the inner headlight housing temperature to moderate with the outer lens temperature.
Blocked vents or failed seals are the most common causes of headlight condensation, allowing humid air to remain within the housing for an extended period of time.
Fortunately, headlight fixes are relatively easy and inexpensive. They most often include clearing the vents of debris or replacing the headlight gaskets, although in extreme cases, replacing the entire headlight is necessary.